tr>

Davids of New France

Jeanne Olive David

Fortress of Louisbourg, Île Royale, Nouvelle France



1739

 

Jeanne Olive David, 4th daughter and 13th child of Jean Pierre David and Marie Magdelaine Monmellian, was born on 10 July 1739 at Louisbourg and baptized the same day. Jeanne Olive's godparents were Gille Burett, captain of the ship in this port and Jeanne Durand. Fre Athanase Guegot, Commissioner Parish Priest presided at the baptism. The witnesses attending Jeanne Olive's baptism were Elizabeth Rand, Jean Baptiste Doret, Jane Durand and Buret .

Jeanne Olive David

                                Baptism Record of Jeanne Olive David - 21 10 July 1739

Jeanne Olive’s life story is possibly the longest source documented of Jean Pierre and Marie Magdelaine's children beginning with her birth in Louisbourg in 1739 and her death in Cayenne, French Guyana in 1805. Her presence in Louisbourg is listed in the 1749 - 1750 Louisbourg Census.

In 1759, Jeanne Olive along with her older sister, Charlotte, their father, Jean Pierre and Charlotte's 2nd husband and his children from a previous marriage were deported to France as a result of the 2nd siege of Louisbourg by the British. Jean Pierre dies during that voyage and the surviving family struggles to make ends meet for a couple of years in Saint-Servan, France. In 1763, the family migrates to French Guyana to start a new life along with a number of other French-Acadian exiled families.

In 1764, Jeanne Olive marries her 1st husband, a master wheelwright by profession, in Cayenne, French Guyana. Her husband dies in 1767, just a year and a half after Charlotte returned to France in 1765 after the death of Charlotte's husband in 1764. Alone in a strange country with no children by her 1st husband, Jeanne Olive marries her 2nd husband, a prominent notary to the King of France, with whom she bares 5 children. At the age of 65, Jeanne Olives dies in French Guyana in 1805 without, in all probability, any known contact with her David family since that with Charlotte in 1765.

 


1739 to 1745

The Births Marie Magdeleine and Jeanne Angelique

The last 2 of Jeanne Olive's siblings to be born at Louisbourg were Marie Magdeleine born on 16 January 1741 and Jeanne Angelique born on 21 December 1743.


The David Family in 1744

According to the Fortress of Louisbourg Historical Memoranda Series 1964 to Present H F 25 1989 titled Jean Pierre David dit Saint Michel: Blacksmith authored by Eric Krause of Krause House Info-Research Solutions, Jean Pierre and Marie Magdelaine were still living at Louisbourg in 1744 along with their surviving children of " 5 boys for certain, possibly 6 and 5 girls." These children would probably have included their sons Jean Jacques, Jean Baptiste, Francois, Louis, Claude Thomas and Jacques Andre and their daughters Marie Josephe, Francoise Charlotte, Jeanne Olive, Marie Magdeleine and Jeanne Angelique. The "possibly 6" son referred to was probably Michel who married Genevieve Hebert on 20 January 1744 in Grand-Pré, Acadie and was probably living there with his wife. eric



France, Acadie or Quebec


1745 to 1748

The 1st Siege of the Fortress of Louisbourg in 1745

After the 1st siege and capture of the Fortress of Louisbourg on 16 June 1745 by British forces commanded by Sir William Pepperell during the War of the Austrian Succession, it is believed that Jean Pierre, Marie Magdelaine and their children left Louisbourg but it is not known if they were deported to France by the British with most of the other Louisbourg French-Acadian inhabitants or escaped to Acadie or one of the Quebec, Nouvelle France communities along the St. Lawrence River.


Capture of Louisbourg by British in 1745, German Engraving


The Whereabouts of Jean and Marie's Children

Since it is recorded that there were 11 surviving children in 1744 at Louisbourg prior to their deportation or escape from the Fortress in 1745, it is not known for certain which children accompanied Jean Pierre and Marie Magdelaine from Louisbourg since only 7 are recorded in the Louisbourg 1749-1750 Census along with 3 new additions to the family, Joseph, Jacob and Anne Bernard.

During this period between 1745 and 1748, it is unclear where 5 of Jean Pierre and Marie Magdelaine's children may have spent these years. It is highly likely that Michel, having just been married in 1744, was living in Grand -Pré, Acadie with his new wife, Genevieve Hebert. However, the whereabouts of Marie Josephe, Francois, Jacques Andre and Jeanne Angelique during this period are unknown. The Fortress of Louisbourg Archives Family Reconstitution File based on the Louisbourg 1749-1750 Census indicates that these 5 children were not living with Jean Pierre and Marie Magdelaine after they were repatriated to Louisbourg in 1748 from their exile.

No records of the David family's life between 1745 and 1748 has been yet uncovered after the 1st siege of the Fortress at Louisbourg by the British in 1745. The records of their lives pick up once again with the Louisbourg 1749-1750 Census and the marriage of Marie Josephe to Jean Paul Pouilly on 1 June 1751 at Louisbourg.


David Children Born in Exile

Their exile from Louisbourg did not deter Jean Pierre and Marie Magdelaine from continuing to grow their family. For when the family returned to the Fortress in 1749, as mentioned above, they did so with 2 new boys, Joseph and Jacob.



Fortress of Louisbourg, Île Royale, Nouvelle France



1748 to 1751

In 1748, the Treaty of Aix-la-Chapelle, which ended the War of the Austrian Succession, restored Louisbourg to France in return for the British trading post at Madras in India. The New England forces left Louisbourg, taking with them the famous Louisbourg Cross which had hung in the Fortress chapel. This cross was only rediscovered in the Harvard University archives in the latter half of the 20th century and is now on long-term loan to the Louisbourg historic site.


The Davids are Repatriated to Louisbourg

After Jean Pierre and Marie Magdelaine returned to Louisbourg in 1749, they did so with 9 children and an orphan. These included 2 new sons, Joseph and Jacobs, who apparently were born during the 4 years of their exile, and an orphan by the name of Anne Bernard. According to the Louisbourg Census of 1749-1750, it appears that the other (7) children returning to Louisbourg from exile were Jean Jacques, Jean Baptiste, Louis, Claude Thomas, Francoise Charlotte, Jeanne Olive and Marie Magdeleine.


The Louisbourg 1749-1750 Census

 Census 1749-1750
Louisbourg 1749-1750 Census



1758 to 1759

On 26 July 1758, the British finally succeeded in capturing the Fortress of Louisbourg during its 2nd and final siege. The terms of that capitulation of the fortress mandated that all captured military personal and remaining Acadian inhabitants be immediately deported to either England or France.

Jeanne Olive had reached her 19th birthday just 2 weeks prior to the siege and would follow her older sister, Charlotte's lead to care for their father, Jean Pierre, during this time of grave uncertainty. Exactly how they dealt with this tragedy and what transpired over the next 9 months may never be known but accept the challenge to survive they did.




La Rochelle, France


1759

On 28 April 1759, Charlotte, her new husband, Jean Pierre DeBroise, his 2 children, Marie and Guillaume Andre by a previous marriage, Jeanne Olive and Jean Pierre make their initial arrival at the port of La Rochelle, France on their way to their final destination at St Milo on 17 September 1759. A primary source manifast recording their arrival in France confirms this occurance. It is unknown which ship carried them to France but it was one of the last deportation ships departing Louisbourg after the 2nd siege.

Unfortunately after close review of the passenger manifast, and if truth be known, it appears that their father, Jean Pierre, is listed in a group of passengers that may have died during this voyage and were "mort en arrivant", i.e., "dead on arrival". The 1759 passenger manifast is the last primary source recording uncoverd to date of Jean Pierre.

Insert the 1759 deportation manifest ................................

----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

After the 2nd siege of the Fortress of Louisbourg and the deportation of all French Acadian inhabitants to France, Charlotte, age 31 years, and Jean Baptiste, age 41 years, are listed as arriving in La Rochelle in 28 April 1759 as husband and wife. Accompaning them on this voyage were Jean Baptiste's children from a prior marriage, Marie, age 14 years, and Guillaume, age 10 years, and Charlotte's younger sister, Jeanne Olive, age 19 years, and Charlotte's father, Jean Pierre.

Source:  “The Acadians in France”, Volume III, Edited by Milton P. Reider, Jr. and Norma Gaudet Reider, Published  Metarie, Louisiana, 1973, page 54.

Abstract: (Francoise) Charlotte David and her family in La Rochelle in 1759
ARCHIVES OF THE PORT OF SAINT SERVAN
Reaching other ports in September of 1759

At La Rochelle on September 17th
JEAN BAPTISTE DE BROISE, 41 years
CHARLOTTE DAVID his wife, 31 years
MARIE DE BROISE, 14 years, daughter of the first marriage of Jean Baptiste.

GUILLAUME ANDRE DE BROISE their son, 10 years.
JEANNE DAVID, 19 years, sister of Charlotte.

Note: Guillaume Andre DeBroise was not Charlotte’s son with Jean Baptiste.  This is an error.  He is Charlotte’s stepson.  Evidently their ship, the Duke William, first landed at La Rochelle and then proceeded up the French coast to the St. Malo area.  St. Servan is just slightly south of the port of St. Malo.

------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------



Saint Servan, France



1759 to 1763

During the next 4 years the family, including Jeanne Olive, struggle to exist in Saint Servan and are listed in the 1762 and the 1763 Census of Acadians in Saint Milo or Saint Servan, France. However, reinforcing the theory of his death at sea during the 1759 deportation from Louisbourg, Jean Pierre is not listed in either census.

Insert the 1762 Saint Malo census................................

Source: “The Acadians in France”,  Volume I , Edited by Milton P. Reider, Jr. and Norma Gaudet Reider, Published  Metarie, Louisiana, 1973, page 9.

Abstract: (Francoise) Charlotte David and her family in St. Malo
GENERAL ROLL OF THE INHABITANTS OF Île ROYALE AND ISLE ST.
JEAN DISTRIBUTED BY PARISHES FOR THE YEAR 1762
(venna des Autre Portes)
JEAN BAPTE. DEBROISE, 44 yrs., blacksmith
Charlotte David, 34 yrs., his wife
Marie DeBroise, 17 yrs.
Guillaume Andre, 13 yrs.
Jeanne David, 22 yrs., sister of Charlotte

Note      Charlotte’s first husband Nicholas Colin, a cannoneer, died 17 November 1757 in Louisberg.  There is no record of children from her first marriage.  Charlotte was listed as married to Jean Baptiste DeBrois in a 28 April 1759 Louisberg record of deportees to La Rochelle.  The boy and girl are children from Jean Baptiste’s first marriage to Francoise Couarde  who died 9 March 1757.  Charlotte’s sister, Jeanne, is probably her sister Jeanne Olive (b. 1739) as opposed to her youngest sister, Jeanne Angelique (b. 1743). Despite 10 years of marriage with two different husbands, Charlotte had no children of record, an indication that she was probably barren.

Insert the 1763 Saint Malo census................................

1762 Dec - Jean Baptiste offers to sell the king his brigantine, the Mary-Francoise, transport in Guyana with his fellow refugees him in Saint-Malo and build a sawmill in the new colony. Note: the Marie-Francoise was a sloop an could have carried Jean Baptiste and Charlotte to new France from Louisbourg

-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

From: RAD_Main [mailto:r4a2dav99@comcast.net]
Sent: Wednesday, July 15, 2009 9:53 AM
To: Earl David
Subject: DeBroise Family in French Guiana

Earl...

Did you see this entry on page 76 of Larin's book?

...Bob

Source: ANC, MG6, C 2/1, vol. 1, fo 23v

La participation des Acadians
Pendant que la campagne de recrutement de Choiseul battait efficacement son plein et que les volontaires partaient par milliers vers la Guyane, ceux des Acadians qui avaient accepté les propostitions qu’on leur avait faites s’étaient organisés par eux-mêmes avec  l’aide du roi et arrivaient en Guyane par petis groups.\

Dès Décembre 1762, Jean-Baptiste DeBroise, un ex-inhabitant de Île Royale , avait offert de vendre au roi son brigantin , le Marie-Francoise, de transporter en Guyane ses compatriotes réfugiés avec lui à Saint-Malo et de bâtir un moulin à scie dans la nouvelle colonie.  L'intendant Chanvalon avait refusé de payer le prix demandé pour le navire mais il avait fait obtenir au promoteur un prêt du roi de 14,000 livres afin de l’aider à réaliser son projet.  Parti de Saint-Malo le 23 septembre 1763, Debroise s’était rendu à Rochefort d’où le 12 octobre, il s’etait joint à un convoi partant pour la Guyane.  Il installa son moulin à Château Vert, près de Kourou, où il fut trouvé mort en septembre 1764.  Sa veuve,  Francois David, 35 ans, fille de Jean David et de Madeleine Montmélian, ainsi que son neveu, Jean Arselin (Asselin), 9 ans, se trouveront parmi les quarante passagers revenant de Cayenne qui, le 3 septembre 1765, débarqueront à La Rochelle du navire le Scipion.
The participation of the Acadians (Google Translation)

While the recruitment of Choiseul beat effectively full and that the volunteers by the thousands to leave Guyana, those Acadians who had accepted the propositions that they had made had organized themselves with the help of King and arrived in French Guiana by small groups.

From December 1762, Jean-Baptiste Debroise, a former inhabitant of Île Royale, had offered to sell the king his brigantine, the Mary-Francoise, transport in Guyana with his fellow refugees him in Saint-Malo and build a sawmill in the new colony.

The intendant Chanvalon had refused to pay the asking price for the ship but it did get a loan to the developer of the King of 14.000 pounds to help make his project.

From Saint-Malo on 23 September 1763, Debroise went to Rochefort where on 12 October he had joined a convoy leaving for Guyana.

He set up his mill on Castle Green, near Kourou, where he was found dead in September 1764.

His widow, Francois David, 35, daughter of Jean David and Madeleine Montmélian and his nephew, Jean Arselin (Asselin), aged 9, were among the forty passengers back from Cayenne, which, on 3 September 1765, landing in La Rochelle Scipion of the vessel.

-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Earl...

Here's another J.B. DeBroise reference from Larin's book which I came across.   Besides being a blacksmith, the man was obviously an accomplished shipbuilder.
Poor Charlotte.  She had terrible luck with husbands.  Her first husband died after five years and her second after six and I could never find any record of her having children of her own.

...Bob

-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Projet de transplantation d’épinettes en Guyane

Le 12 octobre 1763, Jean-Baptiste Debroise, ex-habitant de Île Royale, partait pour la
Guyane sur son propre navire avec un groupe d’Acadians de Saint-Malo.  Il bâtira un
moulin à scie à Château Vert,  près de Kourou, où il sera trouvé mort en septembre 1764.
Au printemps  précédent, il avait convaincu l’intendant Chanvalon de l’utilité d’aller
prélever des épinette sur les côtes du Canada.  Propre à faire des «courbes», le bois de
l’épinette était très recherché en charpenterie de navire.

Proposal for transplantation of spruce in Guyana

On 12 October 1763, Jean-Baptiste Debroise, former resident of Île Royale, left for Guyana on his own ship with a group of Acadians in Saint-Malo. He built a sawmill in Green Castle, near Kourou, where he was found dead in September 1764. In the previous spring, he had convinced the intendant Chanvalon of the usefulness to go collecting spruce on the coast of Canada. When making "curves", the spruce wood was highly prized in ship carpentry.
Larin, Robert, Canadiens en Guyane 1754–1805, page 255

Left her sister Jeanne Olive

Jean Pierre possibly died in Guyana between the 2 marriages of JEANNE OLIVE.

-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------



Kourou, Franch Guyana



1763 to 1764

 

23 September 1763 - Jean Baptiste sails from Saint-Malo to Rochefort

12 October 1763 - Jean Baptiste joins convoy at Rochefort leaving for Guyana.

September 1764 - Jean Baptiste sets up mill on Castle Green, near Kourou, where he was found dead.



Cayenne, French Guyana



1764 to 1767

1 December 1764 - Jeanne Olive marries her 1st husband, Pierre LeClerc, in Cayenne

Jeanne Olive's father and mother are referenced in this primary source record of Jeanne Olive's 1st marrage. It specifically indicates that her mother, Marie Magdelaine Monmillion, was deceased at this time, however, it is vague as to whether her father, Jean Pierre, was alive at the time of this marriage.

3 September 1765 - Jeanne Olive's sister, Francoise Charlotte, and Charlotte's nephew, Jean Arselin (Asselin), aged 9, are among the forty passengers arriving at La Rochelle from Cayenne on the vessel, Scipion.

11 April 1767 - Jeanne Olive's 1st husband, Pierre LeClerc, dies in Cayenne



1767 to 1805

25 May 1768 - Jeanne Olive marries her 2nd husband, Guillaume Paguenault, in Cayenne

Jeanne Olive's father and mother are also referenced in this primary source record of Jeanne Olive's 2nd marrage. It specifically indicates that her father, Jean Pierre, and her mother, Marie Magdelaine Monmillion, was deceased at the time of this marriage.

11 February 1771 - Jeanne Olive's son and 1st child, Caetau Louis Paguenault, is born in Cayenne

11 June 1774 - Jeanne Olive's 1st daughter and 2nd child, Petrouille Francoise Rose Paguenault, is born in Cayenne

6 February 1780 - Jeanne Olive's 2nd daughter and 3rd child, Marie Claudeline Adelaide Paguenault, is born in Cayenne

4 July 1805 - Jeanne Olive dies at the age of 65 in Cayenne



1805 to 1811

16 January 1809 - Jeanne Olive's granddaughter, Jean Marie Simeon Pagueault, is born to her son, Caetau Louis Paguenault, in Cayenne

10 October 1811 - Jeanne Olive's grandson, Louis Henry Eugene Pagueault, is born to her son, Caetau Louis Paguenault, in Cayenne

 



La Rochelle, France



1762 to 1765

 



French Guyane


1762 to 1764

 

Primary Source Links


1764 to 1768

 

Jeanne Olive’s 1st marriage to Pierre LeClerc on 1 December 1764 in Cayenne

ANOM source link to register image page 69:
http://anom.archivesnationales.culture.gouv.fr/caomec2/pix2web.php? territoire=GUYANE&commune=CAYENNE&annee=1764&typeacte=AC_MA .

Her sister Francoise Charlotte husband dies September 1764

Separated from older sister when she returns to France 3 September 1765

Jeanne Olive’s 1st  husband, Pierre LeClerc died 11 April 1767.  They were married just  2 ½ years at the time of his death.  Whether or not Pierre and Jeanne Olive had any children during this short marriage is yet unknown. 

ANOM source link to register image page 6:
http://anom.archivesnationales.culture.gouv.fr/caomec2/pix2web.php? territoire=GUYANE&commune=CAYENNE&annee=1767&typeacte=AC_DE


1768 to 1780

Jeanne Olive’s 2nd marriage to Guillaume Pacquenault on 25 May 1768 in Cayenne.   And it lists Jean David and Madelaine Montmillan. Looks like the portion of the record that states “…. fille ete fin Sieur Jean David et  Madelaine Montmillan, ses pere et  mere,…..”, i.e., “….daughter of the late Sieur Jean David and   Madelaine Montmillan, her father and mother,……” confirms that Jean was also deceased at the time of the Jeanne’s 2nd marriage. 

Here’s the direct link to page 1 of the imaged register.  This marriage record is #429 and can be viewed on page 10 of the register.

ANOM source link to register image page 10:
http://anom.archivesnationales.culture.gouv.fr/caomec2/pix2web.php? territoire=GUYANE&commune=CAYENNE&annee=1768&typeacte=AC_MA

 

Cajetan Louis, a son born at Cayenne, French Guyana on 11 February 1771.

ANOM source link to register image page 6 & 7:
http://anom.archivesnationales.culture.gouv.fr/caomec2/pix2web.php? territoire=GUYANE&commune=CAYENNE&annee=1771&typeacte=AC_RE

ANOM source link to table image page 25:
http://anom.archivesnationales.culture.gouv.fr/caomec2/pix2web.php? territoire=GUYANE&commune=CAYENNE&annee=1770&typeacte=TD_NA

Petrouille Francoise Rose, a daughter born at Cayenne, French Guyana on 11 June 1774.

ANOM source link to register image page 11:
http://anom.archivesnationales.culture.gouv.fr/caomec2/pix2web.php? territoire=GUYANE&commune=CAYENNE&annee=1774&typeacte=AC_RE

ANOM source link to table image page 25: http://anom.archivesnationales.culture.gouv.fr/caomec2/pix2web.php? territoire=GUYANE&commune=CAYENNE&annee=1770&typeacte=TD_NA

Marie Claudeline Adelaide, a daughter born at Cayenne, French Guyana on 6 February 1780.

ANOM source link to register image page 5:
http://anom.archivesnationales.culture.gouv.fr/caomec2/pix2web.php? territoire=GUYANE&commune=CAYENNE&annee=1780&typeacte=AC_RE

ANOM source link to table image page 26: http://anom.archivesnationales.culture.gouv.fr/caomec2/pix2web.php? territoire=GUYANE&commune=CAYENNE&annee=1770&typeacte=TD_NA

Jean Marie Simeon, a grandson born at Cayenne, French Guyana on 16 January 1809.

ANOM source link to register image page 2:
http://anom.archivesnationales.culture.gouv.fr/caomec2/pix2web.php? territoire=GUYANE&commune=CAYENNE&annee=1809&typeacte=AC_RE

ANOM source link to table image page 33: http://anom.archivesnationales.culture.gouv.fr/caomec2/pix2web.php? territoire=GUYANE&commune=CAYENNE&annee=1795&typeacte=TD_NA

Louis Henry Eugene, a grandson born at Cayenne, French Guyana on 10 October 1811.

ANOM source link to register image page 5:
http://anom.archivesnationales.culture.gouv.fr/caomec2/pix2web.php? territoire=GUYANE&commune=CAYENNE&annee=1811&typeacte=AC_RE

ANOM source link to table image page 33: http://anom.archivesnationales.culture.gouv.fr/caomec2/pix2web.php? territoire=GUYANE&commune=CAYENNE&annee=1795&typeacte=TD_NA


1780 to 1805

Jeanne Olive dies in Cayenne 4 July 1805. Probably nevering seeing any of her siblings again.

The dates in the death table is in the French Republican Calendar format.  The month is 16 Messidor au 13 and translates to 4 July 1805.  And that's exactly when Jeanne Olive died at the ripe old age of 65, 6 days short of her 66 birthday.  Below is the link to the 1805 Cayenne, French Guyana death register.  Her death record is 1st record on the left side of page 13.

ANOM source link to register image page 13:
http://anom.archivesnationales.culture.gouv.fr/caomec2/pix2web.php? territoire=GUYANE&commune=CAYENNE&annee=1805&typeacte=AC_DE 

Talk about looking for a needle in a hay stack. What was confusing is that her 2nd husband, Guillaume Paguenault at this time was a royale notary and his name appears in just about every record during this period.




 


Other Compiled Abstracts

 

Note: Below are listed abstracts documented in the Archives Library of the Fortress of Louisbourg. It has yet to be determined if the Jeanne David listed in the abstracts is the same Jeanne Olive daughter of Jean Pierre David dit Saint Michel and Marie Madeleine Monmillion or could it be her sister Jeanne Angelique David.

3737. pcx - 29 Mar 177 - Baptism - Vincent Cireaud - A.F.O. G1; vol. 409; 2 reg 17v - Jeanne David signatures

 

 


Other Recorded Events


1753

 


Spouse

Unknown


Children

Jeanne Olive David and Guillaume Paguenault were the parents of (3) know children, including (1) sons and (2) daughters:

1. Cajetan Louis, a son born at Cayenne, French Guyana on 11 February 1771. His date and place of death is yet unknown.

2. Petrouille Francoise Rose, a daughter born at Cayenne, French Guyana on 11 June 1774. Her date and place of death is yet unknown.

3. Marie Claudeline Adelaide, a daughter born at Cayenne, French Guyana on 6 February 1780. Her date and place of death is yet unknown.

4. Jean Marie Simeon, a grandson born at Cayenne, French Guyana on 16 January 1809. His date and place of death is yet unknown.

5. Louis Henry Eugene, a grandson born at Cayenne, French Guyana on 10 October 1811. His date and place of death is yet unknown.

 


History of Updates

The following chronological history of updates document the changes that have been made to this ancestorial life story and the date those changes were made by the author.


Copyright © 2009-2014 Davids of New France. All rights reserved.
Earl Joseph David, Denver, Colorado 80207